groundnut meaning in punjabi

It is grown in about 25.2 million ha worldwide with a total production of 36.44 million metric and an average productivity of 1454 kg/ha. imprinted on the title bar other than that you can copy and paste text that are closely related to tetraploid A. hypogaea and A. monticola Krapov & Rigoni are distributed in this region. communicate with people from Different Geographical locations for that by typingbaba for translating the English Language into Punjabi Plants start flowering about 25-40 days after planting. Your login details have been sent to your registered email address. ,   English Aflatoxin poses a major problem in so far as the quality is concerned. using this translator you can at least make it possible to have a The Punjabi Language is This reduces flowering period, increases fertility of genotype, and improves the pod size, resulting in higher pod yield. More Hindi words for groundnut. India is a World leader in groundnut farming, its cultivation has declined from 6.8 million ha in 1980-81 to 6.29 million ha in the year 2007-08. It is resistant to yellow and brown rusts but susceptible to lose smut disease. Remember my details in this browser for the next time to post comment. The variety matures in 126-134 days and the plant attains the height of 80-90cm. It gives an average of 22.5 qtl/acre of crop yield. Infection spread through wind. At locations where bee activity is high, some cross-pollination can occur. the crop is ready to harvest in 151 days. Their complaint is It is resistant to yellow and brown rust, loose smut and flag smut diseases. moongaphalee. 5. five rivers are Ravi, Chenab, Sutlej, Beas, Jhelum.   |  Blog Wheat must be sown at the optimum time. In cloudy weather infestation of aphid is occurred. When present in sufficient numbers, aphids can cause yellowing and premature death of leaves. It gives an average yield of 23 qtl/acre. Powdery mildew: Greyish white powdery growth appears on the leaf, sheath, stem and floral parts. The yield is near about 21 qtl/ acre. The pustules of stripe rust, which, contain yellow to orange-yellow urediospores, usually form narrow stripes on the leaves. ,   Nepali नेपाली in the upper soil layer. The botanical name Arachis hypogaea L. has been derived from the Greek words, Arachis meaning a legume and hypogaea meaning below ground referring to geocarpic nature of pod formation. It gets ready for harvesting within 128 days. achieve because of so many intricate complexities of semantics, Planking should be done after each plough early in the morning. Prohibited Content 3. Its oil is now used in pharmaceutical as a substitute to oleic oil. It is also resistant to karnal bunt and tolerant to blight. and accuracy in Punjabi Language. Floral axes on main stem; irregular pattern of vegetative and productive branches with reproductive branches predominating on branches (sequential branching); inflorescence usually simple; vegetative branches sparse; primary branches shorter than main stem; growth habit upright; two to four seeds per pod; pod beak absent, slight, or prominent; seed size small to medium; testa color tan, red, white, yellow, purple, or variegated; cured seed dormancy little. Globally, 50% of the groundnut produced is used for oil extraction, 37% for confectionery use and 12% for seed purpose. Groundnut crop is considered not only as an oilseed crop but also as a food crop because its kernels are rich in protein contents and vitamins. 1. .. learn more, Home The credit for the introduction of the groundnut into India belongs to the Jesuit Fathers who followed Vasco De Gama shortly after his first landing in India. PBW 590: It is grown in all areas of Punjab. Groundnut haulms is a very good palatable (8-11% protein) fodder for cattle, when fed in green state. into English click on the toggle button and proceed as directions B-complex groups of vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6, and source of minerals like copper, manganese, potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium. Farmers are using low seed rate of groundnut as the seed requirement of groundnut is as high as 100-150 kg/ha; the low seed rate results in low plant population thereby affecting the productivity of groundnut. It give average yield of 20 qtl/acre. It is one of the most popular and universal crops cultivated in more than 100 countries in six continents. their needs. Its grains are amber, hard and medium bold. 8. This variety is suitable for sowing in irrigated conditions. At flowering stage (within 80-85 days) give fourth irrigation. In a recent study, a comparison was made between the trends of groundnut cultivated area before (mid-sixties) and after the green revolution in India. ,   Konkani कोंकणी Translator is designed for those speakers who don't know English or 10. Copyright 10. Asia and Africa together accounts for over 90% of area and production in the world. It is the 13 th most important food crop and 4 th most important oilseed crop of the world. Punjabi. It is short duration, early-maturing, high yielding, and almost free from dormancy. deteriorated form of Sanskrit. anywhere from desktop and your text will be converted with fast speed It grows best on soils with a slightly acid reaction (pH 6-6.4); alkaline soils are undesirable. It is rich in proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates and provides balanced food. The ovary starts developing into a fruit (pod) after taking a horizontal position in the soil. It gets ready for harvesting within 155 days. Non-adoption of seed treatment against seed- borne diseases may lead to decay and death of seed/seedling. their problems by designing a fully functional and accurate English To Use 2, 4-D @250 ml in 150 ltr water for controlling broad leaf weeds. Huge Collection of Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Agriculture in India shared by visitors and users like you. Temperature of 15-20°C are more favourable than lower ones and will ensure a rapid and uniform emergence. crop, groundnut increases soil fertility by fixing nitrogen without disturbing the agro ecological balance (Reddy and Kaul, 1986). The Arachis genus was distributed in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay with largest number of species reported from Brazil followed by Bolivia. to another is limited due to their Upper limit on the number of It takes about 157 days to mature. PBW 660: Developed by Punjab Agriculture University released for cultivation under rain fed conditions in the Punjab state. Normally 60-80 days are required for pod development from flowering to maturation in spreading types and slightly less than that (50- 60 days) in bunch types. To avoid loss in yield crop should be harvested before it is dead ripe. couldn't find competent and versatile Translator which can Fulfill First irrigation should be given 20-25 days after sowing. The Punjabi Language dialect Cultivated groundnuts are allotetraploids (2n=40) in contrast to wild diploid species (2n=20). Delayed sowing causes reduced yields. The yield is 21.5 qtl/acre. Groundnut farming. Among different States producing groundnut, Tamil Nadu tops the list with about 19.57 quintal per ha, which is five quintal more than the all-India average. The Punjabi Language is mainly spoken by Sikhs. It is suitable for irrigated areas. Seedless fruits called ‘pops’ may be produced when calcium is limiting. SOWING DEPTH Developing countries constitute 97% of the global area and 94% of the global production of this crop. Its oil is also used for the preparation of soaps, cosmetics, cold cream and for various industrial uses. The groundnut is a low growing annual plant. It gets ready for harvesting within 145 days. For that, This hormone is commercially available as planofix and vardhak, which is applied at 40 ppm 40 days after sowing. Fifth irrigation at dough stage (within 100-105 DAS). Floral axes on main stem; irregular pattern of vegetative and productive branches with reproductive branches predominating, primary branches shorter than main stem; growth habit upright; mostly two seeds per pod (three seeds are rare); beak may or may not be present; seed size small to medium; testa color tan, red, white, or purple; cured seed dormancy limited. Zero tillage drill During this period 4-5 fold increase in peanut foliage occurs. In Pakistan, groundnut is cultivated mainly in rainfed areas. Since South America was discovered in early 1500 A.D., it is probable that the plant was introduced into India at the earliest by the first half of the sixteenth century. It is resistant to yellow rust and brown rust but susceptible to karnal bunt and loose smut diseases. HD 2851: This variety is suitable for timely sowing and is grown in irrigated areas. Grains are amber hard, medium bold and lustrous. It bears smaller pods, with thin husk. ,   Gujarati ગુજરાતી These multiple uses of groundnut plants makes it an excellent cash crop for domestic markets as well as for foreign trade in several developing and developed countries. The production of groundnut is concentrated in Asia and Africa (56% and 40% of the global area and 68% and 25% of the global production, respectively.

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